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Workshops

Sunday, July 14, 2019, 1:00-5:00pm
Cost $30

Carbon Dioxide Capture And Utilization (Ccu) – Technology Opportunities And Challenges

A Comprehensive Overview of Carbon Management that will Provide the State-of-the Knowledge of On-going of the Carbon Dioxide Capture and Utilization Technology Development

Synopsis

The impact of rising carbon dioxide (CO2) level on the climate change is now taken seriously that is expected to stimulate global action to reduce CO2 emissions as well as finding economic ways to convert CO2 to value-added products in addition to utilizing CO2 for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) and geologic sequestration. When the global demand for electricity increased from 8.3 million GWh in 1980 to 22.7 million GWh in 2012, the resulting annual CO2 emissions increased from 5.5 to 13.3 trillion tonnes. As such, the magnitude of CO2 emissions is so large, that all possible technologies must be considered to make a realistic impact in the foreseeable future namely: a) energy-efficiency in power generation and manufacturing; b) alternate fuels; c) renewable energy; d) CO2 capture and sequestration (CCS); and e) CO2 capture and utilization (CCU). The challenges associated with CO2 capture, transport, and storage have been well documented. Therefore, the conversion of captured CO2 to value-added products would eliminate CO2 transportation and geologic sequestration costs, and encourage more facilities to convert CO2 into a revenue generating products. There is a Window of Opportunity for innovative process and equipment designs for CO2 capture and conversion to high-value products for offsetting the costs of CO2 capture and conversion to products competitively. 

The purpose of this workshop is to provide a comprehensive overview of on-going projects and to evaluate techno-economic opportunities and challenges for developing innovative technologies for abatement of CO2 emissions.

Why You Should Attend the Workshop and What You Can Expect

The workshop is intended for process and design engineers, managers, environmental engineers and decision makers in power and manufacturing industries. If you are seeking the awareness of the current technology status of CO2 capture and utilization, explore funding sources for new technologies and collaboration with on-going projects, then this workshop will provide the basic knowledge to pursue opportunities.

Workshop Outline

Topic Area 1: CO2 emissions from Power Generation and Manufacturing
Topic Area 2: Ongoing CO2 Capture Technology Developments
Topic Area 3: Ongoing CO2 Utilization Technology Developments
Topic Area 4: Economics of CO2 Capture and Utilization
Topic Area 5: Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of CO2 Utilization
Topic Area 6: Heat and Mass Transfer Challenges in CO2 Capture and Utilization
Topic Area 7: Equipment Design: Challenges and Opportunities
Topic Area 8: Interfacing with the CO2 Sources
Q & A and Open Discussion

 

Speakers

Dr. C. B. Panchal, E3Tec Service, LLC: After working for 25+ years at Argonne National Laboratory, Dr. Panchal founded E3Tec to better serve the industry with the focus on energy efficiency and process intensification. E3Tec has been pursuing utilization of captured CO2 with Grants from DOE-SBIR and ERA, Alberta Canada Round 1. E3Tec has developed Heat Integrated Reactive Distillation (HIRD) equipped with side reactors for conversion of CO2 to alkyl carbonates. Dr. Panchal holds a PhD in chemical engineering from the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), UK, and a BS in chemical engineering from the University of Bombay, India. He is a Fellow member of AIChE and was and active member of the AIChE Heat Transfer and Energy Division, now Transport and Energy Processes Division.

Multidimensional Radiative Transfer For Complex Conjugate Heat Transfer Applications

Synopsis

For most high temperature industrial applications, detailed, accurate and fast solutions of radiation transfer problems in complex multidimensional and participating media are needed. These problems are difficult in essence, yet they are of great importance for achieving robustness and energy efficiency in industrial processes, thermally-based manufacturing, food preparation, bioengineering, combustion, propulsion, aerospace re-entry problems, wildfire propagation, astrophysics, atmospheric modeling and global warming, and many others.

During the last quarter century, many novel sophisticated solution techniques for the complex radiative transfer problems have been developed. However, most of them have not been incorporated to the mainstream computational tools. More than twenty-six years ago, a workshop was organized to consider the state of computational ability for radiative transfer, and the radiation heat transfer community was invited to use a favorite method to solve a set of prescribed radiation problems of varying degrees of complexity [1]. Comparison of solutions uncovered disagreement among solutions, and pointed to reasons for the disagreement. This study helped in gaining consensus in the community on the suitability of various methods for treating radiative transfer at the time, and pointed to areas that needed further research.

A second workshop was conducted in 2016 to broaden the earlier study to consider conjugate heat transfer problems that include major effects of radiative energy transfer based on the present state of research on radiative transfer methods. The details of that effort are outlined in a recent JQSRT paper [2]. The problem is posted as a global challenge and participants from all over the world are invited to contribute. Visit thermal.radiation.net.

There is yet no consensus in the radiative heat transfer community on the methods for numerical solution of radiative transfer in such multi-mode (conjugate) heat transfer/fluids problems. Commercial multi-physics codes include some capability for calculating radiative heat transfer, and various choices of solution methods may be included. The choice among the methods is left to the user. Further, code developers for solution of multimode problems in academia, research institutions, national laboratories, and companies desiring to solve practical problems may not be familiar with the known pros and cons that impact the choice among the various radiative transfer solution methods.

The choice of radiative transfer solution method requires consideration of trade-offs among required solution accuracy, computation time, and ease of incorporation into multimode problems (grid compatibility, stability, dimensionality, and others) The choice of method will also depend upon the radiative properties of the medium involved in a conjugate problem, including the optical thickness (transparent, optically thin or thick), scattering albedo, the need to include anisotropic scattering, and the need to treat spectral properties. The extend of the impact of such factors makes the choice of a solution method difficult even for those knowledgeable in the field of radiation, let alone the casual user of commercial codes.At this third Workshop, we plan to convene researchers involved in radiative transfer methodology.

The participants will consider:

  1. How to define the important factors and the boundaries (properties, accuracy, computational time, suitability for parallelization, others) that determine the choice of best radiative transfer method.
  2. How to determine, or give best advice in, for the properties of boundaries.
  3. How to formulate a set of problems that can be used to evaluate various methods for treating radiation in combined mode problems for the time/accuracy tradeoff.
  4. How to continue these studies and disseminate the results at the long run.

Why You Should Attend the Workshop and What You Can Expect

The workshop is intended for heat transfer researchers and academicians who would like to have an impact on the development of new radiative transfer tools. There will be presentations from key experts and Q&A and Open Discussion sessions. This Workshop outcome will be shared to the Radiation Transfer Community at other meetings including International Symposia on Radiative Transfer. Details will be put together by Jack Howell and M. P. Mengüç.

References

  1. Tong, T. W., and Skocypec, R. D., Summary on Comparison of Radiative Heat Transfer Solutions for a Specified Problem, ASME HTD-Vol. 203, pp. 253-264, 1992.
  2. 2. J.H. Howell and M. P. Mengüç, Challenges for Radiative Transfer 1: Towards the Effective Solution of Conjugate Heat Transfer Problems, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer. Vol. 221, pp. 253-259, 2018.

Speakers

Prof. M. Pinar Mengüç
Director, Center for Energy, Environment and Economy
Ozyegin University, Istanbul, Turkey
Pinar.menguc@ozyegin.edu.tr

Professor M. Pinar Mengüç received his PhD on Mechanical Engineering from Purdue University, USA in 1985. The same year he joined the University of Kentucky, Lexington, as an assistant professor, and promoted to the ranks of associate professor in 1988 and of professor in 1993. He was a visiting professor at Harvard University in Boston during 1998-99 academic year, and was awarded an Honorary Professorship at ESPOL, Guayaquil, Ecuador in 2006. At the end of 2008, he was selected as the Engineering Alumni Association Chair Professor at the University of Kentucky (UK). He has established a start-up company (Synergetic Technologies, Inc) on particle characterization while at Kentucky.

He joined Ozyegin University (OzU) in Istanbul in 2009 as the founding Head of Mechanical Engineering. The same year, he established the Centre for Energy, Environment and Economy (CEEE), which he is still directing. He is the author of over 145 scholarly Sci-indexed articles published in more than 55 different international journals, and he has co-authored for more than 175 conference papers. He is a co-author of two books, including Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer (The 5th and the 6th Editions) with Jack Howell and Robert Siegel. a co-editor of a Springer Handbook on Thermal Sciences, and has six granted and two pending patents. He has worked with more than 65 MS, PhD and Post-Doc researchers in the US and Turkey, and has presented more than 130 invited and keynote talks around the globe.

Mengüç is an elected fellow of both the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and the International Center for Heat and Mass Transfer (ICHMT), a Senior Member of the Optical Society of America (OSA). In 2016 he was elected to Science Academy, Turkey. He is the recipient of the 2018 ASME Heat Transfer Memorial Award. He is one of the three Editors of Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer (JQSRT), an Elsevier Journal. He is in the Executive Committee of several organizations, including the Science Academy of Turkey, the International Center for Heat and Mass Transfer, and the United Nations Sustainable Development Charter in Turkey. His research areas include radiative transfer, applied optics, particle characterization, nano-scale thermal transport, and sustainable energy science and applications.

Modern High Performance Computing For Transport Phenomena

An overview of the design of modern high performance computational transport phenomena code for academic and industrial applications

Synopsis

High performance computing (HPC) has become a critical tool for industries seeking solutions to complex engineering and physical problems. While the problems and underlying governing equations describing the transport physics have not changed in decades, higher fidelity simulations have pushed the boundaries of computational science. The machines employed for computations have undergone a radical transformation. In the previous decades, computing was dominated by single-core hardware. Each generation of silicon process technology offered greater clock speeds, and hence, scientific codes which were mostly compute bound, simply ran faster without any modifications. However, power constraints, especially heat dissipation, led to a plateauing of clock speeds around the mid 2000’s. Consequently, with the advent of modern many-core and multi-core processors such as GPUs, the primary way to achieve performance gains has been through parallelism. A large and diverse collection of scientific software applications that are widely used in academia, national labs, and industry now face enormous challenges in catching up with this paradigm shift in the hardware landscape. Today’s computational engineers are faced not only with complex multi-level parallelism but also massive parallelism available on architectures such as GPUs. This presents both challenges and opportunities.

In this workshop, some of the unique algorithmic, computational and engineering challenges involved in developing a high performance simulator utilizing the parallelism offered by modern computing architectures will be discussed. 

Why You Should Attend the Workshop and What You Can Expect

The workshop is designed for computational engineers working on academic and industrial CFD and heat transfer problems. This workshop aims to educate engineers on what massive scale computing such as petascale and exascale computing means and the challenges/opportunities that come along at such scales.

Workshop Outline
Topic Area 1: Introduction to computational science
Topic Area 2: Evolution of computing landscape
Topic Area 3: Need for high fidelity numerical simulations in transport phenomena
Topic Area 4: Practical steps in the design of modern high performance simulator
Topic Area 5: Examples with code snippets
Topic Area 6: Conclusions
Topic Area 7: Equipment Design: Challenges and Opportunities
Q & A and Open Discussion

Speaker

Dr. Mukundakrishnan is currently the Director of Research and Development at Stone Ridge Technology which develops and markets ECHELON, a high performance commercial reservoir simulator built and optimized from inception for GPUs and massive fine-grained parallelism. Prior to joining Stone Ridge Technology, he was a R&D Technology Manager at Dassault Systemes Simulia (formerly ABAQUS Inc.) where he was a lead developer for Simulia CFD, a commercial finite volume multiphysics moving-mesh flow solver. Dr. Mukundakrishnan obtained his Ph.D. in Applied Mechanics from the University of Pennsylvania working on direct numerical simulations of flow and mass transfer of particulate-laden flows in rotating media using ALE finite element methods. Subsequently, he held a postdoctoral research fellowship at UPenn Medical School working on the direct numerical simulation of gas embolism in circulatory systems using immersed boundary methods. Dr. Mukundakrishnan’s experience includes high performanc